hooligan, hooliganism
The work ‘hooligan’ emerged in the late 1890s and literally meant gangs of rowdy youths. But as Geoff Pearson demonstrates in Hooligan: A History of Respectable Fears (1983), the term also encapsulated wider anxieties about the state of the nation's youth and the breakdown of traditions of order and stability in late Victorian England. Fears about hooligans, their territorial gang fights, and their distinctive dress style went hand in hand with anxieties ranging from the failure to instil stable work habits among working-class youths, and perceived decline in the national character, to the lowered morality of the new ‘city type’ or urban degenerate. The destruction of what were held to have been previously stable traditions of family and community , resulting in hooliganism and widespread juvenile delinquency , was to become a common background theme informing a number of schemes (including the Boy Scout movement) to reclaim the hooligans. Hooliganism, then and now, is almost invariably seen as an entirely unprecedented and alien phenomenon-as well as a threat to the ‘British way of life’. For a classic account of moral panics and the processes which generate other folk devils such as Teddy Boys and Hell's Angels see, Folk Devils and Moral Panics (1972).

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Hooligan — Sm Randalierer per. Wortschatz grupp. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. hooligan und üblich geworden bei der Diskussion um Ausschreitungen auf Fußballplätzen. Die Herkunft des englischen Wortes ist unklar, es wird vermutet, daß ein… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • HOOLIGAN — HOOLIGA L’origine du terme est incertaine. Au lendemain de la révolution russe, le mot hooligans désignait les voyous, jeunes inadaptés, vagabonds qui circulaient en bandes, ignoraient la légalité socialiste et parfois commettaient des exactions …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • hooligan — 1890s, of unknown origin, first found in British newspaper police court reports in the summer of 1898, almost certainly from the variant form of the Irish surname Houlihan, which figured as a characteristic comic Irish name in music hall songs… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Hooligan — Hooligan: Das Fremdwort, das einen »Randalierer und Schläger (bei Massenveranstaltungen)« bezeichnet, ist im Deutschen bereits seit Anfang des 20. Jh.s belegt, anfänglich jedoch in der Bedeutung »gewalttätiger Krimineller«. In der 2. Hälfte des… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • hooligan — (del inglés; pronunciamos júligan ) sustantivo masculino,f. 1. Área: deporte Aficionado inglés de carácter violento: Los hooligan destrozaron las farolas a la salida del partido …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • hooligan — ► NOUN ▪ a violent young troublemaker. DERIVATIVES hooliganism noun. ORIGIN possibly from Hooligan, the surname of a fictional rowdy Irish family in a music hall song of the 1890s …   English terms dictionary

  • hooligan — [ho͞o′li gən] n. [< ? Hooligan (or Houlihan), name of an Irish family in Southwark, London] Slang a hoodlum, esp. a young one hooliganism n …   English World dictionary

  • hooligan — index malefactor Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • hooligan — / hu:ligən/, it. / uligan/ s. ingl. [etimo incerto], usato in ital. al masch. o al femm. [sostenitore violento di una squadra di calcio, spec. inglese] ▶◀ teppista, (non com.) uligano …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • hooligan — s. m. Pessoa que se entrega a atos de violência e de vandalismo, particularmente em competições esportivas. • Plural: hooligans.   ‣ Etimologia: palavra inglesa …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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